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TITLE: Breadfruit Fermentation in Pohnpei, Micronesia : Site formation, Archaeological visibility, and interpretive strategies / Maureece J. Levin, Archaeology Center, Standford University.
PUBLISHED: Standford, CA : Archaeology Center, Standford University, 2017.
DESCRIPTION: 23 p. : col. ill. : Internet link.
NOTES: IN: The journal of island and coastal archaeology, volume 13, November 2017 issue, pages 109-131.
NOTES: Fermentation is a common method of processing and preserving breadfruit throughout the Pacific Islands. While these pits are often reported in the archaeological record, they can pose some interpretive challenges. This paper presents an analysis of probable archaeological breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg) fermentation pits on Temwen Island, Pohnpei, Micronesia. Using the existing ethnographic record as a guide, I present archaeological and paleoethnobotanical criteria for identifying fermentation features. Architectural and stratigraphic analyses from four excavated pits match ethnographic expectations. Phytolith analysis shows some concurrence in terms of taxonomic data, but is more useful for indicating disturbance specific to building activities. Based on the distribution and size of pits present in the survey area, I suggest that breadfruit fermentation took place as primarily a household level (rather than community level) activity during the late prehistoric and early historic period in Pohnpei.
SUBJECT: Paleoethnobotany--Pohnpei, Micronesia (Federated States).
SUBJECT: Archaeology--Pohnpei, Micronesia (Federated States).
SUBJECT: Food storage--Pohnpei, Micronesia (Federated States).
SUBJECT: Archaeobotany--Pohnpei, Micronesia (Federated States).
SUBJECT: Pacific Archaeology--Pohnpei, Micronesia (Federated States).
SUBJECT: Phytoliths--Pohnpei, Micronesia (Federated States).
SUBJECT: Pacific Islands--Breadfruit fermentations.

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